The Song of Roland
(eBook)

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Neeland Media LLC, 2019.
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Available Online
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eBook
Language
English
ISBN
9781420961461
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APA Citation (style guide)

Anonymous., & Anonymous|AUTHOR. (2019). The Song of Roland. Neeland Media LLC.

Chicago / Turabian - Author Date Citation (style guide)

Anonymous and Anonymous|AUTHOR. 2019. The Song of Roland. Neeland Media LLC.

Chicago / Turabian - Humanities Citation (style guide)

Anonymous and Anonymous|AUTHOR, The Song of Roland. Neeland Media LLC, 2019.

MLA Citation (style guide)

Anonymous, and Anonymous|AUTHOR. The Song of Roland. Neeland Media LLC, 2019. Web.

Note! Citation formats are based on standards as of July 2010. Citations contain only title, author, edition, publisher, and year published. Citations should be used as a guideline and should be double checked for accuracy.
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Grouped Work IDa71a8d95-869d-6de7-eef8-35e8481bb8f1
Full titlesong of roland
Authoranonymous
Grouping Categorybook
Last Update2020-08-30 16:50:47PM
Last Indexed2020-10-27 05:11:28AM

Hoopla Extract Information

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    [artist] => Anonymous
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    [language] => ENGLISH
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    [synopsis] => In the year 778 A.D., Charles the Great, King of the Franks, returned from a military expedition into Spain, whither he had been led by opportunities offered through dissensions among the Saracens who then dominated that country. On the 15th of August, while his army was marching through the passes of the Pyrenees, his rear-guard was attacked and annihilated by the Basque inhabitants of the mountains, in the valley of Roncesvaux. About this disaster many popular songs, it is supposed, soon sprang up; and the chief hero whom they celebrated was Hrodland, or Roland, Count of the Marches of Brittany. By the latter part of the eleventh century, when the form of "The Song of Roland" which we now possess was probably composed, the historical germ of the story had almost disappeared under the mass of legendary accretion. Charlemagne, who was a man of thirty-six at the time of the actual Roncesvaux incident, has become in the poem an old man with a flowing white beard, credited with endless conquests; the Basques have disappeared, and the Saracens have taken their place; the defeat is accounted for by the invention of the treachery of Ganelon; the expedition of 777-778 has become a campaign of seven years; Roland is made the nephew of Charlemagne, leader of the twelve peers, and is provided with a faithful friend Oliver, and betrothed, Alda. Simple almost of bareness in style, without subtlety or high imagination, "The Song of Roland" is yet not without grandeur; and its patriotic ardor gives it a place as the earliest of the truly national poems of the modern world. This edition follows the translation of John O'Hagan.
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